Thursday, October 1, 2015

Act 4

Summary:
Topic Sentence: Act 4 of Shakespeare’s play, Othello, expresses the power of gender and how it affects the actions and feelings of the characters.

Supporting Ideas: Iago continues to whisper lies into Othello’s ear persuading him to believe that Desdemona is dishonest and unfaithful. Othello talks to Desdemona about her loyalty as he weeps and shows his heart is broken.

Explanation of Ideas:  When he talks to her he calls her mean names and questions the women as if they are just there for his expense.

Concluding Sentence: Othello and Iago continue to use the power of gender in Act 4 of Shakespeare’s play, Othello.

Response:
Topic Sentence: Othello, by Shakespeare, correctly demonstrates how the power of gender can affect the character's thoughts, actions, and their words because of Othello’s actions to Desdemona, Iago, and Emilia and how he treats them differently.

Claim 1: Othello questions the two women and immediately gives his trust to Iago with no questions asked.

Set Up: At this point in the play Iago has convinced Othello of Desdemona's fake affair with Cassio and the ideas of unfaithfulness have gotten Othello to believe that Desdemona is cheating on him, he takes Iago's word over hers when he questions her on her loyalty. This proves that Othello treats men with a higher respect than women.

Lead In/Quote/Citation: Since Othello is so trustworthy of Iago he questions Emilia and Desdemona, “Let me see your eyes. Look in my face.”(Shakespeare 4.2.30).

Explanation: Othello’s questioning of Desdemona’s faith is tested when he makes her look into his eyes. Power of gender is used here when Othello takes Desdemona into another room to question her on her loyalty. He then makes her, tells her, and demands her, to look at him for her to be judged. Power of gender is used in this act with power over the women too the men in the play.

Counterclaim: However, Iago shows equality with Desdemona when she is asking for reassurance, he treats her as though she is a friend, an equal.

Set Up: After Othello calls Desdemona a whore for him thinking that she is unloyal and having an affair with Cassio she runs to Iago and Emilia for reassurance that she is not that awful name and that she is a good wife.

Lead In/Quote/Citation: Iago and Desdemona are talking about the words Othello used, “Why did he say so?” “I do not know. I am sure I am none such.” “Do not weep, do not weep! Alas the day!” (Shakespeare 4.2.143-145)

Explanation of Quote: Iago helps desdemona not cry anymore and comforts her as a friend and as an equal not passing on her feelings as if they didn’t matter. This shows that there is no power between the two genders and that they are equal showing that the characters are capable of not using male as a superiority.

Rebuttal:Although it may appear that Othello loves Desdemona in the beginning of the play, if you look deeper and later into the play he questions her so that she is just there for his questioning and for his enjoyment. Even though one might believe in true love and how nothing can come between the two in a marriage the thoughts of an affair created Othello to be jealous which then led him to become a superior in the relationship showing the power of gender.

Concluding Sentence: Othello, by Shakespeare, correctly portrays the power of gender because of how Othello treats the two women in the play as though there feelings don’t matter and that men are superiority.

Thursday, September 24, 2015

Act 2 Redo

Josie and Piper Act 2 S/R #3
Summary:
The play Othello written by William Shakespeare recounts a story of betrayal. Act 2 tells about Iago’s plan to get Cassio, a valiant lieutenant of Othello’s, off Othello’s service and then have Cassios plead to Desdemona, Othello’s wife, to make it look as though Cassio is Desdemona's lover. His plan betrays Cassio and Othello and creates conflict within the plot.

Response:
Topic Sentence: Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare correctly portrays a strong theme of the influence of love and the hold it has on one's decisions because of the way Shakespeare uses love as a tool of manipulation and the choices the characters make that are influenced by love.
Claim: As Othello unfolds to the audience, one would easily notice that the power of love is an extremely important element of the story. Shakespeare not only uses love to demonstrate a romantic and affectionate play, but he uses this theme as a tool of manipulation and betrayal for his characters, leading them to do acts that would be otherwise out of the question.
Evidence: An example of love being used to influence decisions is when Iago is talking to heartbroken Roderigo. Roderigo is sensitive and in the perfect position for Iago to take advantage of him and Iago says, “... I must tell thee this: Desdemona is directly in love with him [Cassio]” (Shakespeare, 2.1. 235-240). Iago is lying to Roderigo about Desdemona and Cassio’s relationship, Iago tells Roderigo this to make him mad at Cassio. Iago knows that Roderigo  is so in love with Desdemona, he will do anything to get to her, even if that means to make foolish and clouded decisions.
Counterclaim: However, one may think that love is powerful enough to make your decisions and mindset even more clear.
Set Up: Throughout Othello, Desdemona and Othello’s relationship is a constant reminder of strong and pure love. Against all of those opposing their love (Roderigo, Brabantio, Iago) they don’t let others influence their decisions to love each other.
Evidence: When Othello enters the room he and Desdemona speak of their love for eachother yet again, “The heavens forbid But that of our loves and comforts should increase Even as our days do grow” (Shakespeare, 2.1. 210-215).She is saying here (metaphorically) that even God forbids her love of Othello but Desdemona exclaims how her love for Othello grows day by day, and although many oppose it, her mind is clear on who she loves.
Rebuttal: A very common view is that the power of love sharpens your mind and makes you appreciate the importance of emotion. Even in day to day life we see that people who are connected by love are emotionally one. We can not deny that in its purest form, love is a beautiful thing that should be cherished and welcomed in life. This interpretation is helpful and is used by many but unfortunately the love portrayed in Othello is much more complicated than this. William Shakespeare’s Othello uses love as a manipulative tool and can make people do things that are against pedestrian customs. Even Desdemona and Othello, who are in the strongest of relationships are being turned against one another. Also Roderigo has even turned to suicide when faced by the complexities of his love for Desdemona.

Conclusion: In Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare, Shakespeare recounts the influence of love and power it has over decisions and lives it can change one’s thoughts and affect the actions of a person, Shakespeare demonstrates this very well in Othello.

Sunday, September 20, 2015

Act 2 Othello

Josie and Piper Act 2 S/R #3
Summary:
The Book Othello written by William Shakespeare is a dramatic love story that use revenge, betrayal, and jealousy in Act 2.  Act 2 tells us about Iago’s plan to get Cassio, a valiant lieutenant of Othello’s, off Othello’s service and then plead to Desdemona's wife to make it look as though Cassio is Desdemona's lover. His plan betrays Cassio, makes Othello jealous, and him receiving revenge upon the happy couple with Roderigo.

Response:
Topic Sentence: Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare communicates a strong theme of the influence of love and the hold it has on one's decisions. Shakespeare correctly portrays this theme because of the way he uses love as a tool of manipulation and the choices the characters make that are influenced by love.
Claim: As Othello unfolds to the audience, one would easily notice that the power of love is an extremely important element of the story. Shakespeare not only uses love to demonstrate a romantic and affectionate play, but he uses this theme as a tool of manipulation and betrayal for his characters, leading them to do acts that would be otherwise out of the question.
Evidence: An example of love being used to influence decisions is when Iago is talking to heartbroken Roderigo. Iago says, “... I must tell thee this: Desdemona is directly in love with him [Cassio]” (Shakespeare, 2.1. 235-240). Iago tells Roderigo this to make him mad at Cassio. Iago knows that Roderigo  is so in love with Desdemona, he will do anything to get to her, even if that means to make foolish and clouded decisions.
Counterclaim: However, one may think that love is powerful enough to make your decisions and mindset even more clear.
Set Up: Throughout Othello, Desdemona and Othello’s relationship is a constant reminder of strong and pure love. Against all of those opposing their love (Roderigo, Brabantio, Iago) they don’t let others influence their decisions to love each other.
Evidence: When Othello enters the room he and Desdemona speak of their love for eachother yet again, “The heavens forbid But that of our loves and comforts should increase Even as our days do grow” (Shakespeare, 2.1. 210-215). In this quote Desdemona exclaims how her love for Othello grows day by day, and although many oppose it, her mind is clear on who she loves.
Rebuttal: A very common view is that the power of love sharpens your mind and makes you appreciate the importance of emotion. We can not deny that in its purest form, love is a beautiful thing that should be cherished and welcomed in life. This interpretation is helpful but unfortunately the love portrayed in Othello is much more complicated than that point. William Shakespeare’s Othello uses love as a manipulative tool and can make people do things that are against pedestrian customs.

Conclusion: In Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare, love is a theme that can not be missed. Shakespeare recounts the influence of love and power it has over decisions and lives. Love can change one’s thoughts and affect the actions of a person and Shakespeare demonstrates this very well in Othello.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Act 1 Redo

Summary:
The play Othello by William Shakespeare unfolds a story of love, jealousy, and deception. The antagonist Iago is angry at Othello for giving lieutenancy to Michael Cassio. Roderigo, a friend of Iago’s, is devastated because Othello has recently married Desdemona, a former lover of Roderigo. This leaves Roderigo and Iago both furious at Othello and seeking revenge. They leave to expose Othello and Desdemona’s marriage to Desdemona’s father. He is enraged and feels betrayed by his daughter for marrying a black man. Iago flees leaving Roderigo and Brabantio (Desdemona’s father) to find Othello. In William Shakespeare’s Othello love, jealousy, and deception are all attributes of this play.


Response:
Topic sentence:
In scene one, act one of Othello, William Shakespeare portrays how the power of revenge can cause people to deceive and use the competence of gender to empower themselves. Shakespeare correctly portrays this element in the character Iago because of how Iago betrays his friend, Othello, and also uses a his wife as a tool to get what he wants.
Claim introduction:
William Shakespeare’s Othello correctly portrays that when in the pursuit of revenge it is easy to take on multiple personalities to get what you want.
Supporting ideas to prove main ideas:
Set-up:
Iago is being friendly to Roderigo, but he is tricking him into going to Brabantio and exposing Othello’s marriage. Even easy in the play the reader or audience can already tell that Iago is a cunning, manipulative human being who will stop at nothing to get what he wants.
Both Iago and Roderigo are jealous of Othello and this leads them to seek revenge and betray their friend.
Evidence:
While talking to Roderigo about Othello and how, by following him he is getting revenge Iago says, “I am not what I am” (Shakespeare 1.1. 70-75).
Explanation of quotation:
This is the first obvious reveal of Iago’s personality. By saying this Iago is telling Roderigo that whoever you think I am, I’m not. There is no deeper level of deception than this. Shakespeare is setting up Iago to have a different personality for each character and with each level of trickery Iago grows closer to revenge.
Counterclaim:
However, deception is not only for self centered reasons. Many times in real life people lie for their friends and do what they can to help them.
Set-up: Iago is not only being deceptive for himself. He is also looking to help Roderigo get revenge on Othello. Of course this isn’t his first priority, but Iago is thinking of his friend and doesn't want Roderigo to have a broken heart in vain.
Evidence:
Iago is speaking to Roderigo on how to get revenge on Othello when he says, “Rouse him. Make after him, poison his delight...” (Shakespeare 1.1. 75-80).


Explanation:
Iago is doing this so that Brabantio gets angry at Othello. Although Iago is doing this mainly for himself, he is helping Roderigo get revenge on Othello as well.

Rebuttal:
A common view is that people who live lives of deception and trickery have some reason behind it that isn’t completely self centered or selfish. One cannot deny that this is sometimes the situation. However in Iago’s case, like many others; people who are willing to undergo that level of deception are usually doing it for their own personal gain.
Conclusion:
The mask of deception is often used to meet personal needs, often, people will stop at nothing to get what they want, even if that means trickery, betrayal,and manipulation.

Thursday, September 10, 2015

S/R Redo on Bully

Josie and Piper S/R for Othello
Summary: The film Bully directed by Lee Hirsch provides awareness to the issue of bullying. Hirsch shadows many bullied victims to give the viewer a walk in the shoes children and teens who are bullied every day varying from the cellphone to the school bus. The movie compares a handful of bully victims out of many to prove how bullying can lead to many harmful acts on oneself and on the peers around them. Clearly, Hirsch acknowledges and illustrates how bullying can affect one's life and destroy relationships with friends, family, and even strangers.


The film Bully directed by Lee Hirsch correctly portrays how bullying can rule people's choices and lives and affect relationships with family, friends and even strangers. It can break emotions down until feeling nothing at all, and leave the result of bullying usually ends up with feeling unwanted and self hatred. In the movie Bully, the director showed the life of the victims of bullying. Following different types of teenagers in different types of towns being picked on for what they look like, who they love, and where they come from. An example of this bullying is Alex Libby talking to the team working on the film. He says,  “People call me fish face and punch me, choke me, and hit me on the bus. They have pushed me so far where I don’t think I feel anything anymore” (Hirsch). Hirsch proves that Alex’s emotions have broken, and that because his emotions have been broken he does not feel anything anymore. He doesn’t ever feel happy or excited. He doesn’t feel anger or the want to fight back against the bullies. They have affected him so much that he can’t even stand up for himself anymore. However, Hirsch does compare many other different types of people being bullied and they have different reactions to the bullies. A young teenage girl named Kelby announced that she was lesbian in a small Christian town. She grew up knowing that loving the same gender is a sin and because of that she started to get bullied from people believing she was doing the wrong thing. “Even though they pick on me, they separate me from the rest of the kids, and they are ashamed of me, I know that I am still loved by my family and my 4’10 girlfriend.” (Kelby Johnson, Hirsch). Hirsch proves by Kelby’s story that even when bullies strike support can be found, Kelby places her hope in her friends and family and can still feel loved. In this case Kelby still feels love for her girlfriend and finds happiness with her friends. Even in situations of bullying, victims can still return from the dark and empty place and fight to find happiness in life.
Many think that help is easy to come by when being bullied, or that friends are always there to help. This point seems reasonable for the average person who has a healthy family life, and a load of friends to talk to. But bullying is more complicated than that, victims of bullying are pushed to a point in which they can’t feel anything anymore. Some don’t stick up for themselves and the ones that do often get picked on worse. Not to mention, many bullied children don’t have many friends to turn to, or even a family that understands the kind of pain that they are going through.
Hirsch shows that when under the influence of peers’ words, comments, and others opinions can influence and push people to do unthinkable actions. Victims of bullying are not only emotionally damaged but can harm themselves and others physically. In circumstances of severe bullying, children and teens have been driven to a point where even death sounds better than facing the harmful comments and rejection of their peers. Kelby, one of HIrsch’s bullying victims, recounts, “I’ve cut, and even tried to commit suicide three times” (Hirsch). Often in cases of bullying we hear the encouraging phrase, ‘sticks and stones may break my bones but words will never hurt me’. Kelby’s quote shows the opposite, in reality words can hurt more than physical abuse. Lee Hirsch tells the audience that the words of fellow students can push people to do acts that are otherwise unimaginable. However, even in cases of severe bullying people have found ways to stay strong. Many stories of bullied children are usually about sadness, hopelessness and even death. Look closer and hope can be found in situations where victims of bullying have made themselves even stronger than before. They have taken bullying as a blessing in disguise and made themselves the better person through hard work and positivity. Alex Libby finds comfort in his family on said to Hirsch,  “Sometimes sweetness and love is all you need” (Hirsch). Alex, who was targeted for both verbal and physical abuse found love and hope in his family. Even when he thought he couldn’t feel anything anymore, he remained positive and seeked support though his family.
Many think that hope can always be found in bullying, “sticks and stones may break my bones but words will never hurt me”. I understand why many people believe that words are harmless and pain is only physical. While this point seems reasonable, there is a deeper understanding that some have not met. Bullies do hurt, and it may not be noticeable, or something that is easily recognised but when victims are bullied, they reach a point that sometimes there is no return from. Verbal abuse does hurt. When emotional pain becomes too great some turn to cutting, starvation, and at a certain point death sounds better than the words from the bullies mouths.
In conclusion, Hirsch is shows through film that bullying breaks people down after they have built themselves up and leads people to think differently about themselves.Through this film Hirsch encourages children, teens, adults, and teachers, to stand up to the bullies and show them that we matter.


KEY
___= Topic sentence
___= Introduction to claim/counterclaim
___= Set up
___= Quote/Evidence
___= Backup/Explanation of quote

___= Conclusion
___= Rebuttal

Othello S/R

Summary:
The antagonist Iago is angry at Othello for giving lieutenancy to Michael Cassio. Roderigo, a friend of Iago’s, is devastated because Othello has recently married Desdemona, a former lover of Roderigo. This leaves Roderigo and Iago both furious at Othello and seeking revenge. They leave to expose Othello and Desdemona’s marriage to Desdemona’s father. He is enraged and feels betrayed by his daughter for marrying a black man. Iago flees leaving Roderigo and Brabantio (Desdemona’s father) to find Othello.

Response:
Topic sentence:
In scene one, act one of Othello, William Shakespeare portrays the power of jealousy and the influence that it has over people's lives. Also how the separation and discrimination of gender effects the actions and rule over one's life.
Claim introduction:
William Shakespeare’s Othello shows that when in the pursuit of revenge it is easy to take on multiple personalities to get what you want.
Supporting ideas to prove main ideas:
Set-up:
Iago is being friendly to Roderigo, but he is tricking him into going to Brabantio and exposing Othello’s marriage. Even easy in the play the reader or audience can already tell that Iago is a cunning, manipulative human being who will stop at nothing to get what he wants.
Both Iago and Roderigo are jealous of Othello and this leads them to seek revenge and betray their friend.
Evidence:
While talking to Roderigo about Othello and how, by following him he is getting revenge Iago says, “I am not what I am.” (Shakespeare 1.1, 70-75)
Explanation of quotation:
This is the first obvious reveal of Iago’s personality. By saying this Iago is telling Roderigo that whoever you think I am, I’m not. There is no deeper level of deception than this. Shakespeare is setting up Iago to have a different personality for each character and with each level of trickery Iago grows closer to revenge.
Counterclaim:
However, deception is not only for self centered reasons. Many times in real life people lie for their friends and do what they can to help them.
Set-up: Iago is not only being deceptive for himself. He is also looking to help Roderigo get revenge on Othello. Of course this isn’t his first priority, but Iago is thinking of his friend and doesn't want Roderigo to have a broken heart in vain.
Evidence:
Iago is speaking to Roderigo on how to get revenge on Othello when he says, “Rouse him. Make after him, poison his delight...” (Shakespeare 1,1. 75-80)

Explanation:
Iago is doing this so that Brabantio gets angry at Othello. Although Iago is doing this mainly for himself, he is helping Roderigo get revenge on Othello as well.

Claim 2:
Williams Shakespeare also demonstrates the element of gender in Othello. He shows that the power of gender effects the actions of the characters in the play.
Set up:
Act 1 takes the reader to the doorstep of Brabantio's home to the Duke's quarters in Venice, Italy.  Desdemona in the mid of night elopes with the Moor, Othello who woos Desdemona with his battle stories from when he was young to present time.  Desdemona, Brabantio's daughter was accused a victim of being stolen by Othello. The men think that since Desdemona is a women she can’t think for herself, and can’t feel love for the moor.

Evidence:
In the middle of the night Roderigo and Iago wake Brabantio with yelling and shouting about thieves. They tell Brabantio, “Look to your house, your daughter, and your bags! Thieves, thieves!” (Shakespeare 1,1. 87-88)

Explanation of Quote:
Shakespeare proves here as Roderigo and Iago shout to the heavens that thief have stolen something they are talking about Brabantio's daughter. They say that she is stolen as if she were a possession not a human. Here the reader or watcher sees the power of gender demonstrated on Desdemona (a women) as though she can not fight for herself (like a possession) and has been stolen from her home, hence how the men referred to Othello as a thief. The men in this scene are the upper power in gender due to being men and not women.

Counterclaim:
However, in the story they’re are a few men who think that Desdemona is not just a women but a genuine person and believe that she should be able to think, choose and be treated as all the other men in the room.

Set Up:
During the middle of the night, as the Duke holds a meeting for the Cyprus wars, Othello is brought in my Brabantio's men along with Iago and Roderigo who watch from behind. They accuse Othello and ask him to speak for his actions.


Evidence:
Desdemona is brought in in front of the duke who then lets her speak, “Nor would I there reside to put my father in impatient thoughts by being in his eye.  Most gracious duke, to my unfolding lend your prosperous ear and let me find a charter in your voice T’ assist my simpleness” (Shakespeare, 1,3,276-280)

Explanation:
Shakespeare demonstrates the power of gender in this quote by Desdemona saying to the Duke, please let me talk to you and listen to me and find that what I am saying has a true meaning of my feelings. She wants the Duke to listen to her and in the book he does listen to her. This shows that the Duke treats a women as though a man through voice.

Rebuttal:
A common view is that people who live lives of deception and trickery have some reason behind it that isn’t completely self centered or selfish. One cannot deny that this is sometimes the situation. However in Iago’s case, like many others; people who are willing to undergo that level of deception are usually doing it for their own personal gain. Again another common view of gender is that men are stronger in which they are on appearance. Men can handle more than women as some think and this shows that men treat women as their own. However, the some men in this story do not. The Duke and Othello listen to Desdemona as she tells them her love for Othello and understand she is not a prize to be bought.
Conclusion:
The mask of deception is often used to meet personal needs. Often, people will stop at nothing to get what they want, even if that means trickery, betrayal, and manipulation. In act 1 scene 1 of Othello, Shakespeare shows that this need for Iago’s revenge will cause him to persevere, and undergo multiple personalities to get what he wants. The power of gender leads many into revenge and deception of being two faced that the women can’t think nothing of love.